I expect most of you, if not all, saw this post on WhatsApp about how and why fake news spreads faster than real news. For those who didn’t here it is.
This is a ten plus year MIT study which comes up with many surprising findings one of which is: “A surprising twist in the study was that bots spread fake news at the same rate as true news, suggesting, “False news spreads more than the truth because humans, not robots, are more likely to spread it.”
Another report about this study is here:
What does fake news do?
It results in violence, hatred, death, destruction of property and disruption of lives. Perhaps one day, your own. Self-interest seems to be the only effective deterrent today in a world that seems to be free of any sense of community, responsibility, compassion or accountability. So be it. Think of yourself at the end of the fake news, if that is what it takes to prevent you from spreading fake news. All it takes is one click. All it takes to do the opposite is not to do that one click.
What must you do when you receive stuff that people ask you to forward?
- Simply use your head. Look at the fake news below, which I am sure you have all seen; the so-called anti-corruption drive with a list of names of all those who allegedly have money hidden in Swiss banks.
Then read the passionate appeal at the end and ask if the person writing this can do simple math. The US, at last count, was a $13 trillion economy. How then can $1.3 trillion, if brought back from Swiss banks, make India ten times bigger than the US? So, the real question is not whether the one who posted this nonsense knows math but whether, you, Mr/Mrs/Ms Forwarder, do?
Take another one about the construction of a mosque in a football stadium. Sounds like a nice cosy, cuddly story of love and mutual respect and would have been if it were true. Here is the story:
And here is my simple investigation:
The mosque mentioned is a Turkish mosque in Cologne, Germany and not in the Allianz area. This is the mosque: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6oIichi5CuU
No mention of any mosque on the official website of the club. See for yourself.
- Verify the fake news. It is quite easy. Go to https://www.snopes.com/ and type in your fake news or read their archives and you will discover whether it is true or false. Microsoft is not giving away free computers, Ericsson is not giving away free phones and NASA didn’t announce that the sun has risen in the West. To verify videos please go to https://www.snopes.com/video/ Mindless fans of Justin Beiber are called ‘Beliebers’. Really. Mindless forwarders of fake news, what shall we call them? ‘Believers’: those who believe without thinking.
- And finally, the easiest thing to do; DO NOTHING. Hit ‘Delete’. And use the baseball rules: 3 strikes is OUT. In this case, anyone who sends you fake news thrice, block him, ban him and delete him from your address book. I do this because I don’t need mindless idiots in my life. Believe me, neither do you.
- For those who still want to continue to forward fake news imagining that writing, ‘AS RECEIVED’ saves you, please wake up and stop smoking whatever keeps you in your haze of fantasy; it doesn’t. Not in this life or the next. In this life, forwarding fake stuff can land you in jail. In the next life you will be called to account for having forwarded stuff that led to all kinds of pain and suffering for others. You read it, you decided to forward it, so you are RESPONSIBLE. It is as simple as that.
Ralph Chaplin said: “Mourn not the dead that in the cool earth lie, but rather mourn the apathetic throng, the coward and the meek who see the world’s great anguish and its wrong but dare not speak.” A friend asked me for my opinion about the Bhopal ‘encounter’ which is in the news at present where eight young men, allegedly ‘dreaded terrorists’, were ‘encountered’. This is a cute term invented by the Indian media to describe what should correctly be called ‘extra-judicial killings’. And if you are among those who like to reduce everything to a single word, then you may like to experiment with the word, ‘Murder’. Truth and facts are boring and don’t sell papers or generate TRP ratings for so-called News Channels (which should be called by their real name – Propaganda Machine) but lace the truth with a dash (if required completely drench it) of fantasy, drama, excitement and fear and you can make a jaw-dropping, BP-raising, edge-of-the-seat, breathtaking clip of a cat catching a mouse. That is where the word ‘encounter’ came into being – murder being rather boring. And those who indulge in it on a regular basis were given the media medal of ‘Encounter Specialist’. I will leave you to arrive at what the logical, factual, straight and truthful word is, that should be used. No point in belaboring the point. To give you an example of the monsters our media creates see this headline: http://bit.ly/1eBKIgu Why would anyone fear someone whose specialty is killing innocent, unarmed people? If that is a definition they feel proud of and their law-abiding brethren are not ashamed of, then pray what is the difference between this and the way you would define every daku (dacoit) of Chambal or every supari hitman gangster of the underworld? If honest police officers find such media descriptions insulting, then why do they remain silent? Here’s what Wikipedia has to say about ‘encounter’ killings: http://bit.ly/2eERe9jLet me leave such thoughts to those who should really reflect on them.
I decided to begin at the beginning and googled the term Encounter. Google, like Jeeves, gives satisfaction and so here is what came up.
I am not sure if those who had the encounter (or were ‘encountered’; such a useful language, English) would describe what they faced as, ‘we encountered a slight problem’, but fortunately they are not in a position to disagree with this definition, so we can ignore what they may have wanted to say. So, what really happened in Bhopal? God, of course, always knows. In this case those it happened to and those who facilitated that happening also know. But one lot is now speechless and the other lot are not speaking. Therefore, I am exactly where all of you are; with an enigmatic mystery to solve. Those addicted to mystery novels (I am, if Jeffery Arthur is the author) will be thrilled that one is unfolding before their eyes. I mentioned JA not by accident but by design. Because one of the most enjoyably infuriating thing about his writing is that the mystery is never completely solved. So, you gnash your teeth in frustration, curse him for being the cussed, devious man he is and wait with baited breath for his next novel, knowing full well that it is going to leave you in the exactly same state. We are all suckers for punishment. That is why I have read all his novels and pray for his long and productive life. The Bhopal Encounter (it deserves upper case) is a mystery which will never be solved (at least for garden variety lizards like me) and will be followed by another and another as it was preceded by one and more. Then why write anything at all about it? I believe the Bhopal Encounter is a snapshot of what happens to democracies and what has been happening to our Indian democracy when those who make up the democracy decide to copout of the process. What defines and differentiates a democracy (India?) from a monarchy (Britain), a dictatorship (Egypt), an oligarchy (USA) or an anarchy (??) is the actions of its people. Democracy is not the name of a system of government. It is the name of a state of being that a nation of people choose for themselves. It is the name of a belief about yourself. It is the name of dignity of the individual. It is the name of justice where the law supersedes the individual (the opposite is the definition of feudalism). It is the name of self-determination, individual liberty, mutual compassion and concern. The system of government called ‘Democracy’, ensures all this. When its nature changes and it is no longer able to fulfill what the term ‘Democracy’ defines, it ceases to be a democracy and becomes whatever its actions display, no matter what its PR machine wants to portray to the world. People always see through the covers and know the truth because people listen with their eyes. They don’t care what you say, until they see what you do. Democracy is defined by its three constituent institutions and by their separation; of the law makers, implementers and interpreters. Separation of the Institutions of the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. “I am the law” or “I am above the law” are both feudalistic statements. The separation is a safety measure to ensure that the democracy always remains a democracy and can’t be hijacked to become a dictatorship as we have seen happening all over the world, even though those regimes still call themselves ‘democratic’, because that is the buzzword to use. After all, how would, ‘The Undemocratic, Dictatorial, Fascistic, Murderous, Oppressive, Apartheid Republic of So-and-so’ sound? Not nice at all. So, they call themselves ‘Democratic’, while all the rest are fringe benefits that their citizens enjoy. The ‘Encounter Specialist’, by his action (and all those who support that action directly or by remaining silent) collapses the three Institutions of Democracy, where he becomes the lawmaker, the law interpreter and the law enforcer. He decides who is guilty and what should be done to him. By his action, he declares that mere incidentals like evidence, establishment of guilt, judicial process, criminal code, sentencing and the legal procedure to ensure justice, are all immaterial. He is the judge, jury and executioner rolled into one and by his action, hammers another nail into the coffin of democracy.The question is not whether the one killed in an ‘encounter’ was guilty or not. The question is whether justice was done and seen to be done. If we declare that the killing of one by another who considers him guilty is justice, then we have legitimized every terror killing in the world. The man who drove the truck through the crowd in France thought he was doing justice. The person who killed the three Muslim medical students in North Carolina thought he was doing justice. ISIS thinks it is doing justice. Every Israeli soldier shooting Palestinian children thinks he is doing justice. Where do we draw the line, if we choose to obliterate it in one instance?
We either draw the line and say, ‘Let the courts decide who is guilty and who is not, based on evidence.’ Or we open the doors to anarchy and civil war. It is our call. It’s the choice of civil society, to raise our voice and say what we want; what we demand from our government; justice or anarchy? The ‘Encounter Specialist’ represents anarchy. The policeman/woman who investigates a crime and brings the murderer to the gallows, represents justice. Whose side are we on? Whose side are you on? I know whose side I am on. So do you. So, who is guilty? Those who commit murder and call it ‘encounter’, those who order it and all those who sit silently and watch it happen. All of them are equally guilty of destroying the law, destroying the nation and destroying themselves. Especially tragic is when those sworn to uphold the law and protect the innocent are guilty of violating that trust. There’s nothing more pathetic than a policeman committing murder at the behest of others. It violates and insults the uniform, the oath of office and the Constitution of India. It is the action of such of them that give a bad name to the entire force, where the term, ‘Police Martyrs’ sounds like an oxymoron. Those who really lost their lives honorably lose the honor they deserve. I remind myself that there are others who I know, who in this morass of shameless pursuit of personal wealth and pleasing political bosses, don’t even dream of sacrificing their integrity and stand, often alone, as shining lights proclaiming that honesty and truth are personal values which define us. And so, they are never to be compromised. In the words of the song: मझधार में नैया डोले तो मांझी पार लगाए
मांझी जो नाव डुबोये
, उसे कौन बचाए
In my view the solution is very simple. Justice. Let justice be done. Murder is a crime. It is fashionable today to call for tougher laws. The fact of the matter is that our existing law is more than good enough. Murder is a crime and its punishment is death. What more can anyone do? The issue is not with the law but with the implementation of the law. When murder done by someone special is not punished, changing the law and making it tougher is not the solution. The solution is to bring the criminal to justice, by proper investigation of the crime and collection of evidence. It is not possible for any police force to anticipate a crime of random violence. Neither is it possible for the police to prevent such crimes from happening because we have no knowledge of hidden things. The only way to be forewarned about the possibility of such crimes is through Community Policing by building trust in civil society such that the Police Force is seen as their compatriot and friend. I know that there are a few officers who are working to this end. But one incident of extra-judicial killing destroys years of trust building. It may not be possible to prevent every crime of politically motivated random violence but it is eminently possible to investigate a crime once it happens and catch the criminals. When there is a price that the criminal is convinced he will have to pay, then he will think many times before committing the crime. Instead of that, when innocent people are killed because the police is too lazy to investigate or is subservient to others and has accepted the role of hitman, then instead of fighting terrorism, you end up creating more terrorists. An extra-judicial killing is a dream come true for the terror group recruiter. Every real terrorist killed in a staged encounter gives birth to ten more recruits. Every innocent killed in a staged encounter gives birth to a hundred. The nightmare of the genuine law enforcer is the false encounter because it closes doors of cooperation which could have prevented future crimes. My suggestion is that given the dismal record of police investigations, it is time for civil society to launch an independent investigation into these terror crimes and encounters. We need to set up a fund to pay for a top-class investigation agency to independently investigate the crime and collect evidence. This can then be given publicly to the police to take to a conclusion. I say publicly because if the police know that there is real evidence then trying to cover up is not so easy. Criminals must be punished and not rewarded, if we are serious about fighting crime. If crime pays, criminals will flourish. If criminals start paying, crime will end. The law must be respected and applied, no matter who tries to break it. If we do that, then we would have taken the right steps to change the script. Once the script is changed, the results will be different. It is time for us to wake up and realize that polluting the water in the lake affects all those who live in the lake. Those who sit quietly will not escape the effects of pollution. The time has come to speak and to act if we want to bequeath a world to our children that they will not curse us for. Stand for justice. Speak for justice. Or sit silently and support the terrorist, the murderer and the oppressor. The choice is yours. I made mine a long time ago.
Add value first.
Entitlement will follow.
Entitlement goes with the territory.
Contribution defines the territory
Because entitlement is directly proportional to contribution. Entitlement is the result of contribution. If you want more ‘entitlement’, contribute more. Only those who contribute greatly are entitled to great rewards. What do I mean?
We live in a world of cause and effect. If you want to change an effect, you must address its cause. For example, obesity is an effect. Its cause is sugar intake which we do by means of the sugar-laced drinks, fizzy or otherwise, that most of us are addicted to. So, if you want to lose weight and start exercising but do nothing about your addiction to Coke or Pepsi, exercise will only make you thirstier and increase your problem instead of curing it.
The same thing is true of every effect we see in our lives. You want to change it, address the cause. Peace is an effect. Justice is its cause. But today those who have no concern for justice want peace. Those selling weapons and have their economies based on them, want peace. That is like a drug lord who wants an addiction free society.
Until justice is established, peace can never be established. There will always be those who fight injustice. And to them others who do nothing but talk of the need for peace, owe a debt of gratitude. If they didn’t stand up to fight injustice, corruption would spread in the land.
In the world of cause and effect:
If you want to be loved, be compassionate to others
If you want to be respected, show courage and stand up to defend the truth
If you want to empower others, share knowledge and build trust
If you want to help others, share your wealth, knowledge and influence
If you want to promote growth and development, promote entrepreneurship
If you want peace, establish.
Until then every peace is only a recess between wars.
Ideals are important because a life that is lived without seeking to achieve an ideal is the life of an animal. To eat, drink, sleep, procreate and die. Cows do that, sheep do that, cockroaches and mice do that. It is not worthy of human endeavor. Be idealistic.
We all start in the same place as idealists. But some of us allow life to dampen our idealism, to suppress it in the name of being ‘realistic’. Gradually we move down the slide all the way to being cynical and indifferent. But guess what? The original flame of idealism that we started out with can be dampened but it can never be extinguished. A spark always remains.
That is why when we are idealistic people discourage us and some even get angry. It is because in our eyes they see the picture of what they used to be. But if we refuse to give up our ideals then they slowly come around and the small glowing ember that is in their hearts, leaps into flame and lights the way ahead for them and us.
So never lose your idealism. I call myself a ‘shameless idealist’. I am not apologetic about this. I am proud of it. No matter that some of my ideals may not be realized in totality. I know of no other way to live than to live idealistically because in this way of living is deep satisfaction irrespective of the results.
It is ideals that make us human and it is striving towards them that makes life worthwhile.
One of my friends sent me this article and asked for my opinion. My answer: Actually what this guy proposes is quite tame. See what some others did: Albania: the only European country with a majority Muslim population was ruled by Enver Halil Hoxha (born Muslim) communist leader of Albania from 1944 until his death in 1985. According to Hoxha, the surge in anti-religious activity began with the youth. The result of this “spontaneous, unprovoked movement” was the closing of all 2,169 churches and mosques in Albania. State atheism became official policy, and Albania was declared the world’s first atheist state. Religiously based town and city names were changed, as well as personal names. During this period religiously based names were also made illegal. The Dictionary of People’s Names, published in 1982, contained 3,000 approved, secular names. In 1992, Monsignor Dias, the Papal Nuncio for Albania appointed by Pope John Paul II, said that of the three hundred Catholic priests present in Albania prior to the Communists coming to power, only thirty survived. The number of Muslim Imams, Ulama who simply vanished is not even known. All Madrassas were shut down. All religious practices and all clergymen (Imams, Khateebs, Ulama) were outlawed and those religious figures who refused to give up their positions were either arrested or forced into hiding. The Party focused on atheist education in schools. During holy periods such as Lent and Ramadan many forbidden foods (dairy products, meat, etc.) were distributed in schools and factories, and people who refused to eat those foods were denounced. Starting on 6 February 1967, the Party began a new offensive against religion. Hoxha, who had declared a “Cultural and Ideological Revolution” after being partly inspired by China’s Cultural Revolution, encouraged communist students and workers to use more forceful tactics to promote atheism, including violence. Sounds familiar, Indians? In 1985 Hoxha died after spending some time in a wheelchair. Albania today is still the poorest European country but has a thriving religious life with both Christianity and Islam alive and well. Masaajid are full and Madrassas freely teach Islam. Hoxha and his period are cursed as a very dark and miserable period in Albanian history.
Soviet Union: Does anyone even remember the Soviet Union? USSR? The Russia of old? The Soviet Union was a state comprising fifteen communist republics which existed from 1922 until its dissolution into a series of separate nation states in 1991. Of these fifteen republics, six had a Muslim majority, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. There was also a large Muslim presence in the Volga-Ural region and most of the population of North Caucasus of the Russian Federation were Muslims and a large number of Tatar Muslims lived in Siberia and other regions.
The Soviets tried every trick in the book, including purges (uncounted millions died in the Gulags of Siberia for no fault other than that they worshipped Allahﷻ); forcibly removing children from their homes to study in atheist boarding schools. Masaajid were shut down, all public display of Islam was forbidden and brutally punished; youth were banned from praying in congregation in the Masaajid and anyone disobeying, vanished. This happened at different levels of intensity from 1922 – 1991.
And there are other examples including Communist China to this day and France and the unofficial oppression of Muslims in Europe and America.
Going further back in history gives us even more graphic examples of the attempts to wipe Islam off the face of the earth. Genghis Khan slaughtered one million Muslims in one day in Samarkhand. And his grandson Hulegu laid Baghdad waste killing every man, woman and child. America in Iraq has been busy exceeding these numbers from the 1990’s onwards. Result? The Mongols and Tartars became Muslim and became the backbone of Islam all through Soviet Russia’s attempts to wipe out Islam. Those who tried to wipe out Islam became its greatest supporters and defenders. To this Allama Iqbal said, ‘Paasbaan mil gaye Kabay ko sanam khanay say’ (The Kaaba got supporters from the temple).
Welcome to learn from history. Or welcome to try new methods. Your call. The result will be the same. The fact remains that the earth still belongs to Allahﷻ. We will all still die. And we will return to Allahﷻ. This is a fundamental law like gravity. You ignore it only at your own peril.
Killing and oppression only makes the survivors stronger, more rigid, more ruthless and more difficult to find and kill. The blow that doesn’t break your back only strengthens you. But the willfully ignorant like the author of this article continue blindfolded and their sponsors like to listen to their insane rants. Instead what would be very instructive is to read some history and use some intelligence – even if you have to borrow it. We’re losing Kashmir. That’s true. But that has nothing to do with Islam and everything to do with the manipulative corrupt politics of Kashmir supported by the different Governments of India for 70 years. We’re losing the millions who we dismiss as Naxals who’re also Indian, remember? And not Muslim. We’re losing. That’s because our policies are more and more skewed. We’re also going to lose twenty crore (200 million) Muslims in the rest of India if we don’t do something about justice. Too many cases to mention here but I don’t think I need to mention them. We are all more than aware both of the cases and of the gross injustice that is being perpetrated and supported. But who’s going to convince our leaders of the inadvisibility of this policy? That’s the problem. Kashmir is a combination of bad politics and self-serving leaders from Day 1. And that’s continued for seventy years. What we’re seeing today is the cumulative effect. Like Pakistan, Kashmir is also ruled by three or four Ruling Families all Muslim in name and nothing more. And every government including this one has colluded with them. What Kashmir needs is real democracy. Not this sham that comes through the barrel of a gun. Kick out the ruling families. Tell Kashmiris to decide their future and your problem is solved. But maybe that’s been left too long already. The reality is that the security forces are committing atrocities and have been doing that for decades. I agree that shooting is possible in a situation like Kashmir because of the risk to the security forces themselves and consequently heightened tension. But rape? What’s the justification for rape? Nobody can deny that’s not only happening but is very common. That’s worse than death. And leaves wounds to the soul which can never be healed. All this over 70 years means three generations of Kashmiri people have experienced this directly or indirectly. Getting raped or watching the anguish of your wife or daughter who got raped, which is more? I don’t know. I never had to experience either Alhamdulillah. But I can guess. Take Manipur. Not one Muslim on the ground. But what’s happening there? Same story. Then to top it all we have journalists who write such garbage and papers publish this but nothing which is sane. The mercy is that the English press has little or no influence in this country. It’s what the local language press writes which works. And I can bet you without seeing a single Kashmiri paper that they are not echoing these sentiments. I have said this before and I will say it to the day I die…The best way to instigate and promote radicalization is to keep attacking Islam. But the world is full of stupid people and their lackeys who will do this to the point where it’ll become impossible to control. There are twenty crore (200 million) Muslims in India. If our extremist anti Muslim elements who’d like to eliminate us, kill one lakh (100,000) every year, it will take them two thousand (2000) years to go through the present stock. And while that’s happening do you think people will tamely sit by and watch? Force doesn’t work in politics. Diplomacy is the key. Until we learn to talk with sincerity, not the baggage loaded parody we see, this will continue and get worse.
The Palestine-Israel conflict is a case in point. Israel has tried to use the corrupt PLO to force its illegal occupation. That gave rise to Hamas. Then Hamas got elected legitimately. But Israel and America refuse to recognize a democratically elected party, while they support every despotic dictator in sight using billions of dollars of tax payers money and selling billions of dollars’ worth of military equipment thereby making money out of the deaths of innocents.
Israel, with America’s backing, unlimited expense account, the best trained, equipped and most ruthless army in the world can’t deal with a tiny population inside a walled concentration camp called Gaza. What do you think our leaders will unleash in this country with our demographics by following that policy? But insanity seems to be a prerequisite of being a politician. The sad thing is that you and I will pay the price. This is indeed an excellent article for anyone who wants to rip this country apart.